Glossary
                                                                 

 

FMA Terms        Training Terms          Weapon
Strikes Movments & Techniques      Drills
Action Directions Adjectives
Body Parts Arnis related words Numbers
Family Tagalog Phrases          Tagalog Words

 

 

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FMA Terms
Abecedario: ABCD’s, basic strikes
Arnis: Filipino martial art, stick fighting, from the term “Harness”
Arnisador: Filipino martial artist, practitioner of arnis
Arnis de Mano: “harness of the hand”, arnis
Doble: Double
Dos Manos: Two hands
Eskrima: Filipino martial art, from the term “skirmish”
Eskrimador: Filipino martial artist
Filipino: Inhabitants of the Philippines
Filipino martial arts: Martial arts indigenous to the Philippines
Kali: Filipino martial arts term, said to come from term “Kalis”
Lapu Lapu: Filipino warrior
Mandirigma: Warrior
Mano y Mano: Hand to hand
Pananandata: The art of using weapons
Silat: Malay martial art

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Training Terms
Antas: Level
Baguhan: Newbie, beginner
Batikan: Veteran
Bihasa: Expert  
Galang: Respect
Galing: Skill
Gulang: Age, to fight unfairly
Guro: Teacher
Pagsasanay: Exercise
Punong Guro: Head Teacher

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Weapon
Bahi: Type of fibrous hardwood  
Baladaw: Small knife
Balisong: Filipino butterfly knife 
Baston: Fighting stick, cane 
Daga: Dagger, knife
Doble Baston: Double stick
Dulo: Tip, end
Espada: Sword
Espada y Daga: Sword and Dagger
Itak: Machete
Kalasag: Shield
Kalis: Sword
Kamagong: Filipino ebony, hardwood
Karasak: Shield
Kris: Sword
Labaha: Razor
Olisi: Stick
Pamalo: Club, something to hit with
Panabas: Chopper
Patalim: Knife
Pinuti: Type of sword
Sandata: Weapon
Sibat: Spear
Yantoc: Type of wood

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         Strikes
Abanico: Fan strike
Banda y banda: Bouncing strike
Bartikal: Vertical
Buhat Araw: “To carry the sun”, Vertical strike
Cruzada/crus: Crossing Strikes
Doblete/doblada: Double strike  
Gunting: Scissors
Lastiko: Whipping strike
Ocho: Figure Eight
Palo: Hit, Strike
Payong: Umbrella
Pluma: Reverse umbrella
Redonda: Circular strike pattern
Tabas Talahib: Horizontal strike
Tagang Buhat Araw: Vertical strike
Tagang San Miguel: Diagonal strike
Trese: Thirteen
Witik: Snapping strike

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Movments & Techniques
Abang: Ready, waiting
Abierta: Open chamber position
Agaw: Grab, take
Agaw-Sandata: Weapon disarm
Atras: Reverse
Avante: Forward
Bagsak: Drop, fall
Bali: Break
Balik: Return
Bantay: Guard
Bantay-Kamay: Guarding hand
Bigay: To Give
Bukas: Open, tomorrow
Cambio: Shift
Cerrada: Closed body chamber
Contra: Counter
Damdam: Feel  
Depensa: Defense
Diin: Press, Compress
Dikit: To stay close to
Enganyo: To bait
Entrada: Entry 
Hakbang: Step
Hagis: Throw
Hanay: In line
Handa: Ready
Hatak: Tug, pull
Hataw: Hit, strike, smash
Hawak: Hold
Hiwa: Cut
Hubad: Naked
Ikot: Turn
Ilag: Dodge
Ipit: Clip, pinch
Itaas: Raise, top
Iwas: Evade
Kalas: Separate, disengage
Kamot: Scratch
Kayas: Slash
Kilos: movement
Krus: Cross
Laro: Play
Laslas: Slash
Liyad: Bend
Muli: Again, repeat
Nakahanda: Prepared
Naka-Upo: Seated
Pakal: Reverse grip
Palasut: Ribbon
Palit: Change
Panipis: Tapered
Pasok: Enter
Piga: Squeeze
Piglas: Shake off
Pukpok: To hammer, to smash
Punyo: Butt of the stick
Retirada: Retreating step
Rompida: Bounce
Sagasa: To run over
Sakay: To ride
Saksak: Stab
Salakay: Attack
Saltik: Graze
Salubong: Meet, intercept
Sangga: To block
Seguida: Side step
Serrada: To close
Sikad: Kick
Sikwat: Snatch
Sipa: Kick
Songab: To attack
Sulong: To go forward
Sundot: Poke
Suntok: Punch
Tadtad: Chop
Tadyak: Kick
Taga: Cleave
Tama: Correct, To hit
Tapi: To tap
Taub: Invert
Tercia: To close in
Tumba: Drop, fall
Tusok: Prick
Upo: Sit
Walis: To sweep
Yuko: Duck

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Drills
Bigay-Tama: “Give and take” drill
Sinawalli: Two stick crossing pattern, to weave (Sawali: Type of grass) Sumbrada: Partnered training drill

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 Action
Banatan: Fight
Buno: Wrestle 
Dumog: Wrestle  
Juego Todo: Full contact fighting
Laban: Fight
Suko: Surrender 

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Directions
Centro: Middle, center
Corto: Close range
Gitna: Middle
Ibaba: Bottom
Ibabaw: Top
Ilalim: Underneath
Kaliwa: Left
Kanan: Right
Labas: Outside
Largo: Long range
Loob: Inside
Malapitan: Close
Malayuan: Far
Medio: Middle
Pababa: Downwards
Pasulong: Forward
Pataas: Upward

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Adjectives
Delikado: Dangerous
Mabilis: Fast
Magaling: Skilful
Mahina: Weak
Mahusay: Skilful
Malakas: Strong
Marunong: Knowledgeable
Masipag: Industrious
Masugid: Persistent
Matibay: Tough
Matulis: Sharp
Pasaway: Disobedient
Patusok: Sharp
Sanay: Experienced
Talim: Sharp 

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Body Parts
Bewang: Waist
Braso: Arm 
Dib-dib: Chest
Kamay: Hand
Katawan: Body
Mano: Hand
Mukha: Face
Paa: Feet
Palad: Palm
Sikmura: Gut
Siko: Elbow
Tuhod: Knee
Ulo: Head

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Arnis related words
Baliktad: Inverted
Bara-bara: Haphazard, lack of control 
Basag: Broken
Cadena: Chain
Cadena de mano: Chain of hand
Cadenilla: Small chain
Ganti: Revenge
Kasa: Chamber
Karunungan: Knowledge
Kilat: Lightning
Lakan: Noble
Magisa:Alone
Magulang: Parent, To use your age
Nakaw:Stolen
Oracion: Incantation, prayer
Panata:Oath
Parusa: Punishment
Patibong:Trap
Paulit-ulit: Repetitive
Pulso: Timing
Sabay Sabay: Simultaneous
Sablay: Error
Sakong: Heal
Sama: Accompany
Solo: Single
Sumpa: Swear, curse
Tatsulok: Triangle
Tiempo: Timing, rhythm
Tigil: Stop
Tipaklong: Grasshopper
Trancada: Leverage
Tuloy-tuloy: Continuous

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Numbers
1.
Isa
2. Dalawa
3. Tatlo
4. Apat
5. Lima
6. Anim
7. Pito
8. Walo
9. Syam
10. Sampo
11. Labing-Isa
12. Labing-dalawa
13. Labing-tatlo
14. Labing-apat
etc...
20. Dalawampo.
30. Tatlongpo
40. Apatnapo
50. Limampo
60. Animnapo
70. Pitongpo
80. Walongpo
90. Syamnapo
100. Isang daan
200. Dalwang daan
300. Tatlong daan
etc...
1000. Isanapong Libo
2000. Dalawangpong liba

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 Family
Nanay / Ina: Mother
Tatay / Ama: Father
Kapatid: Sibling
Kuya: Older brother
Ate: Older sister
Anak: Child
Apo: Grand child
Lolo: Grandfather
Lola: Grandmother
Tito: Uncle
Tita: Aunt
Pinsan: Cousin
Kamaganak: Relative

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Tagalog Phrases
Banatan mo (na): Beat him/her
Sinong tatay mo?: Who’s your Daddy?
======================
Kamusta Ka?: How are you?
Nasaan si [person]: Where is [person]?
Anong oras na?: What time is it?
Gusto Ko: I’d like…
Kain na tayo: Let's eat
Chibogan na tayo: Let's eat (slang)
Pagod ako: I'm tired
Uhaw ako: I'm thirsty
Pagod ako: I’m tired
Magandang umaga: Good morning
Magandang gabi: Good night

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Tagalog Words
Ano: What
Araw: Day, Sun
Balut: Fertilized duck egg
Basta: That’s it
Bigay-galang: To give respect
Buhat: Life, carry
Chibog: Food (slang)
Hindi: No
Kalahati: Half
Kamayan: Handshake
Kasama: Companion
Lang: Only, just
Lihim: Secret
Mabuti: Good
Marami: Many
Opo: Yes (respectfully)
Pag-Galang: A form of respect
Pagkain: Food
Patid: Trip
Pinoy: Filipino
Po: Sign of respect
Salamat: Thank you
Sige: OK
Talaga: Really
Tapos: And, then
Tapos na: That’s it, end
Tayo: Us
Teka: wait
Wait lang: Just wait
Wala: None

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